"Climate change is known to be a driver of changes in forest plant communities and to modify disturbance regimes. We investigated whether forest gaps favoured vegetation adaptation to warmer climates by accelerating the shift of plant communities to a warmer‐adapted composition independently of canopy closure linked to natural forest dynamics."
Les investisseurs se pressent au portillon pour acquérir des forêts, en particulier les grandes surfaces, de plus de 100 hectares. La tendance, déjà connue, semble s’intensifier à l’aune de la crise du coronavirus (Covid-19).
"La sécheresse fragilise aussi la forêt. Après trois années de canicule, les dégâts sont considérables dans notre région. À cause de la chaleur et du manque d'eau, les arbres subissent des attaques d'insectes, ce qui les affaiblit davantage. Les exploitants forestiers s'inquiètent."
Faced with wicked problems such as climate change, managers of complex forest social-ecological systems require more than experimental sciences alone. Yet, mitigation and adaptation studies underuse social sciences in forest research, as shown here with the French case study. Therefore, we stress the value of social sciences for forest researchers, and extend this reflection to research funding bodies, forest authorities, foresters, and society at large. We identify training and publications as the main levers for more holistic forest research, and posit that with short-, mid-, and long-term changes, social sciences can complement (not replace) experimental sciences in climate studies led by forest researchers.
"Species distribution models (SDMs) constitute the most common class of models across ecology, evolution and conservation. The advent of ready‐to‐use software packages and increasing availability of digital geoinformation have considerably assisted the application of SDMs in the past decade, greatly enabling their broader use for informing conservation and management, and for quantifying impacts from global change. However, models must be fit for purpose, with all important aspects of their development and applications properly considered. Despite the widespread use of SDMs, standardisation and documentation of modelling protocols remain limited, which makes it hard to assess whether development steps are appropriate for end use."